For Foreigners

How to change your driver’s license to a Polish one

So, have you taken the plunge and tried driving in Poland? I know – for me it’s a lot different than in America. It’s scary even. I hate driving in new cities here – it’s stressful! There are many different rules and I never know who goes first. So, if you plan on driving here in Poland, you have to get a Polish driver’s license. Studying for the test will help you learn the rules as well. Overall, it’s a win-win, but it’s def a challenge.

So, here’s the general way things work. If you’re currently living in Poland and you’d like to drive a car, you can do so for 6 months on an international driver’s license, or you can simply get a Polish license. I wrote simply, but it’s not that simple, unfortunately. If you’re American, check out what the US Embassy says about it. For general information on how to get a driver’s license in Poland, check out

Go to the doctor for an examination

The first thing you’ll need to do is get a doctor’s approval (orzeczenie lekarskie) that you can drive. Generally, not every doctor does this, so you need to find one who does. You pay about 200 zł for the doc to ask you a series of ridiculous questions about your health, like if you have problems with your eyesight or if you have any other medical issues, never even examining you themselves.

Submit an application at the nearest city hall (Urząd Miejski)

You’ll need to fill out an application – normally a category B license – which you can find here, and submit it in person at the Urząd or by post, along with pics, your doctor’s approval, copy of your ID (karta pobytu, etc.), and copy of your current driver’s license. After that, the Urząd will provide you with a number called PKK (Profilu Kandydata na Kierowcę).

Sign up for the written exam

After submitting the application and receiving your PKK, you can sign up for the exam. Luckily for Americans, NO DRIVING REQUIRED – you only need to take the written exam – NO PRACTICAL! Because for sure you don’t know how to drive a stick, right? Worst 2 weeks of my life learning to drive stick.

However, it’s not like the 10 ridiculously simple questions you have on the American exam, such as “What do you do at a stop sign?” I actually failed the first time thinking I didn’t need to study much because I thought it couldn’t possibly be that hard 😏 So, yes, you genuinely need to study for the Polish driver’s license exam. There is a huge bank of potential questions and lots of very particular rules you need to know.

You can take the exam in English – yay!

Happily, you won’t have to suffer through the Polish version of the exam. You can do it in English – phew! Just get the Driver’s Handbook for a Cat. B license and start studying! You can find them online for around 50 zł.

Handing over your original license

The biggest surprise of this whole process for me was the fact that I had to relinquish my American driver’s license in order to get my Polish one – WTF? This is especially an issue for Americans who use their driver’s licenses as ID cards, so it was pretty upsetting for me. The people at city hall informed me that they’d be sending it to the American Embassy, who would be then sending it to the DMV in my hometown, where I could pick it up when I needed it. Furious, I called the Embassy, and they reassured me they also thought the idea silly and would send it back to me by mail. Sure enough, a couple weeks later, it was returned to me in an normal envelope 😆 So, don’t fret! It’ll all work out in the end.

NOTE: I’ve heard on some forums that occasionally here, if you’re American, they’ll give you a license that says you can only drive an automatic car – interesting. That didn’t happen to me, but be sure to look out for that. It would be rather limiting.

Another annoying thing is that my first driver’s license was only valid for 5 years, so then I had to change it and do the doctor’s approval bullshit all over again. This time I got 15 years, which I think is standard.

If you have any questions, feel free to ask! Powodzenia!

NOTE: I’m not exactly an expert on the subject, so some of these things might be not 100% true or are subject to change, so be sure to do your own research as well.

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  • Reply Bob 24 July 2021 at 12:04

    Nicely written

  • Reply Ron Ti 27 July 2021 at 20:32

    Hello Leah
    You’ve pretty much got it all there. But just one thing, I found the best method to learn was not a book, but an online site where you psay, and then you can just do the questions online , exactly as you would at the testing centre. The questions are exactly the same set they use in the offical examination/ test. The website is here:

    I basically did just about all the questions thew weeks before the test. I think there were ? 2000, i’m not sure, but its all on the site. It was a good spend. There were no surprises when I sat the theory test. Like you, thanks God, I did not have to do a practical test!

    Lastly you were brave trying to wing the driving theory test the first time. There are quirky things with Polish road rules that differ significantly from Australia, that is for sure, One of the trickest set of questions was actually the hand signals given by Polish cops- they show you a police officer and ask you a question about what he is telling you to do. I found the hand signals are totally opposite to what I was used to ( =and thats not just becuase australians drive on the left BTW).

    Lastly, yes, I had to surrender my Tasmanian drivers licence as well, and it ended up at the Australian embassy in Warsaw.

    PS: have you got your citzenship yet??????

    • Reply Leah Morawiec 11 August 2021 at 14:55

      Ron! Still waiting for my citizenship approval – should be in by September! I guess they need more time in the summer 🙂 You know how it is. That’s a great tip about the test you can online to practice! I bet that helps tremendously. I’m guessing that didn’t exist back in the day when I took the test. I think it was 8-9 years ago 🙂

      • Reply ronald ti 11 August 2021 at 14:59

        Hi Leah!

        Yes, this website is indispensible, especially since the web interface actually is exactly the same as the one they use at WORD test centre ( =I did mine in Krakow). Keep well, i’m actually started work in Estonia but commuting backwards and frowards with Poland, cheers!

  • Reply Kip 1 August 2021 at 16:47

    Great article and a good place for me to start the process. Thank you!

  • Reply Mateusz 27 August 2021 at 10:32

    Very nice article. However, there are few things worth mentioning. Theory exam cost only 30 zł, but the medical checkup by the doctor, oscillates around 200 zł. You touched the subject of books and @Ron mentioned “drivingtest” portal for exercise purposes, which I find reaaaaaally useful! However, if you still need additional help with the theory exam or practice driving in Poland, you may call people from local driving school and ask them for help (in English). Of course, it will cost additional money, but still – we have an option like this.

  • Reply Ross 28 September 2021 at 09:16

    Hi Leah,

    Thanks for the article. Great read. Another important thing is – its straight forward if one can apply for the drivers license in the the city registered in their residence permit.

    And for learning the materials, the book is good but not enough. I was recommended these CD’s and books from my friend. Luckily one can copy the disk contents in their PC. And we don’t need to carry around the CD any more. The software allows to learn at your pace and take as many tests as you want. I agree with Ron about the tricky hand signals.

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